Canadian abstract artists
Painters Eleven (variant names Painters 11 or P11) ended up being a collective of abstract artists energetic in Canada from 1953 to 1960.
Considering that the 1920s, musicians in English Canada was indeed heavily influenced by the landscape painting associated with the Group of Seven, the Canadian selection of Painters in addition to Eastern selection of Painters. The Canadian public often regarded modernist movements such as Cubism, Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism as strange and subversive. The purchase of modernist paintings - also Impressionist works – by community galleries ended up being usually a source of controversy. In Quebec, Paul-Émile Borduas and Jean-Paul Riopelle spearheaded the modernist collective known as Les Automatistes, which started having events around 1941. However, their particular creative impact was not rapidly believed in English Canada, or undoubtedly much beyond Montreal.
In 1953, eleven abstract painters from Ontario — Jack Bush, Oscar Cahén, Hortense Gordon, Tom Hodgson, Alexandra Luke, Jock Macdonald, Ray Mead, Kazuo Nakamura, William Ronald, Harold Town and Walter Yarwood — dubbed themselves Painters Eleven and presented their particular first event during the Roberts Gallery in Toronto in 1954. The convention, organized by Jack Bush, ended up being the initial major commercial exhibition of abstract expressionist art in Toronto. Unlike the band of Seven whoever people' work developed along parallel lines, Painters Eleven shared no common imaginative eyesight aside from dedication to abstraction. It was reflected within the variety associated with the team's people. Years separated the youngest from the eldest, and before they sold their paintings they made their particular lifestyle as freelance commercial musicians or worked in advertising and as art teachers. Two had studied at summer schools carried out because of the US abstract expressionist Hans Hofmann and William Ronald "sat in" on their classes, although some had been graduates of the Ontario university of Art, but still other individuals were self-taught. Inside the team itself, the artistic center of gravity seems to have already been Oscar Cahén, a gifted European émigré who became well known as an illustrator for many nationwide magazines. At least three people in the group - Bush, Ronald, and Town - earned intercontinental reputations.
In Canada's traditional art world their particular very first exhibition had been satisfied with confusion and disdain, typical of brand new art motions throughout record. By their particular 3rd convention, in 1957, that they had set up abstract expressionism in Canada. Painters Eleven attained U.S. visibility with a successful convention in 1956 with the American Abstract Artists within Riverside Gallery in New York, and had been praised by the influential critic Clement Greenberg on a trip he paid to Toronto in 1957. In the Canadian press, the team's most ardent supporters had been art critic Robert Fulford and [art copywriter] Pearl McCarthy of world and Mail. Sooner or later, the group's figures were reduced by death and defection (Cahén was killed in a car accident in 1956, Ronald resigned in 1957) and group formally disbanded in 1960.
Painters Eleven tend to be credited because of the acculturation of English Canada's art-buying public to abstract expressionist artwork. Their impact on the next generation of Canadian musicians ended up being enormous, and their art happens to be a prominent function in public places galleries and business and private collections throughout Canada plus many international collections. The greatest collection of their works are available at Robert McLaughlin Gallery in Oshawa, Ontario. A number of the team's users - notably Jack Bush, William Ronald and Harold Town - went on to greater success when you look at the 1960s and 1970s. Jack Bush was handed a significant convention at memorial of Ontario in 1976, Harold Town in 1986 and Kazuo Nakamura in 2004. Functions by the group's members are beginning to bring high prices at Canadian fine art deals. The final surviving person in the team, Tom Hodgson, a former Olympic canoeist and a dedicated abstract expressionist, passed away in 2006.
Chosen group exhibitions
- 2010: Museum London, London, Ont.
- 2010: Moore Gallery, Toronto, Ont.
- 2009: (Painters Eleven convention with works in amimation) Christopher Cutts Gallery, Toronto
- 2007: Thielsen Gallery, London, Ont.
- 2003: Thielsen Gallery, London, Ont.
- 1999: Drabinsky Gallery, Toronto
- 1994 and 1995: Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, Ont.
- 1984: Cambridge Art Gallery and Library, Cambridge, Ont.
- 1979: Rodman Hall, St. Catharines, Ont.
- 1978: The Gallery, Stratford, Ont.
- 1976: Kitchener-Waterloo Memorial, Waterloo, Ont.
- 1975: Tom Thomson Memorial Gallery, Owen Sound, Ont.
- 1960: Stable Gallery, Montreal (Cahen and Ronald absent)
- 1959: nationwide Gallery of Ganada, touring, 7 venues (Ronald absent)
- 1958: Ecole des Beaux-arts, Montreal
- 1957: Park Gallery, Toronto
- 1956: Riverside Museum, ny (using American Abstract Artists)
- 1955: Roberts Gallery, Toronto
- 1954: Roberts Gallery, Toronto
- Robert Belton, The Theatre regarding the Self: living and Art of William Ronald (Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 1999).
- Graham Broad, "Painters Eleven: the Shock for the brand new" in (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1973).
- Denise Leclerc, The Crisis of Abstraction in Canada (Ottawa: nationwide Gallery of Canada, 1992).
- Iris Nowell, Painters Eleven: The Wild people of Canadian Art (Douglas & McIntyre) Sept. 2010